Submission Information

WPEL (Working Papers in Educational Linguistics) presents works in progress primarily by Penn affiliated students and faculty working in areas of educational linguistics. Areas include, but are not limited to, second language acquisition, sociolinguistics, interlanguage pragmatics, language planning and policy, literacy, TESOL methods and materials, bilingual education, classroom research on language and literacy, discourse analysis, computer assisted language learning, language and gender, language and the professions, and language related curriculum design. Submissions to WPEL cannot be under consideration for publication elsewhere unless permission has been granted by the other publications. In this case, it is the author's responsibility to obtain the necessary permission and citation. We ask that any WPEL article published elsewhere at a later time include a reference to WPEL. The individual authors retain copyright privileges. Articles not accepted for the current issue may be rewritten and resubmitted for the following edition. A recommendation to rewrite is not a guarantee of future publication in WPEL. 


Cover Page

On your cover page include the article title, your name, telephone number, mailing address, e-mail address, and a fifty-word biography. Do not include your name on any other pages of your paper.


Include an abstract of approximately 125 words.

Literature Review

The literature review should be concise and directly related to the research study. WPEL does not generally publish papers that are only literature reviews.

Parts of Study

Include all charts, endnotes, footnotes, graphs, appendices, and references. The methods section of any submission must be sufficiently detailed so that it could guide the replication of a similar study.

References and Citations

The text should be fully documented with accurate references and corresponding in-text citations as set forth in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition:

  • Blom, J., & Gumperz, J. J. (1972). Social meanings in linguistic structure: Code-switching in Norway. In J. J. Gumperz & D. Hymes (Eds.), Directions in sociolinguistics (pp. 407–434). New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart, and Wilson.
  • Ellis, R. (1994). The study of second language acquisition. London, England: Oxford University Press.
  • Kessler, C. (Ed.) (1992). Cooperative language learning: A teacher’s resource book. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall Regents.
  • Sridhar, S. N., & Sridhar, K. K. (1980). The syntax and psycholinguistics of bilingual code mixing. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 34(4), 409–416.


Citations in the text of the article should be formatted as in these examples: 

  • Chomsky (1965) in a paper on . . .
  • Hymes (1972) states that “. . .” (p. 25).
  • “. . .“ (Wolfson, 1983, p. 85).
  • According to Ochs and Shieffelin (1989, as cited in Saunders, 1994, p. 13) . . .
  • . . . (Ochs & Shieffelin, 1989, as cited in Saunders, 1994, p. 13).
  • The position taken by O’Malley et al. (1987) . . .
  • As many sources have suggested (e.g., deBot & Stoessel, 2000; Martin-Jones, 1995; Pfaff, 1979; Yoon, 1992) . . . [list authors in alphabetical order]
  • . . . (Leena Huss, personal communication, April 13, 2003).
  • As Huss has noted, . . . (personal communication, April 13, 2003).


For common questions regarding style, including electronic references and citations, see for more information.

Editors make every effort possible to ensure the accuracy of all references and citations; however, final responsibility remains with the author of each article.

APA Style Guide Quick Reference


The font used in the submissions should be in Palatino 11. 

Tables and Figures

Please use tables and figures only where absolutely necessary. The font used in tables should be Palatino. Please use the following guidelines to resize your tables and figures to match with WPEL margins. Tables and figures meant to fit in line with the text should have a width of 5.0 inches. Tables and figures requiring a full page must not exceed a width of 5.0 inches and a length of 7.5 inches (not including the title) for a horizontal layout. For landscape (horizontal) orientation, they must not exceed a width of 8.0 inches and a length of 4.5 inches (not including the title). Please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition and recent issues of WPEL for examples of how to format tables and figures.

Page Numbers

Please include page numbers and the first three words of the title of your study at the bottom center of each page of your paper.


Submissions do not normally exceed 7500 words.


Authors should follow the ethical guidelines for research set forth by their academic institutions.

All correspondence should be sent to the following address:

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics

Educational Linguistics Division

Graduate School of Education

3700 Walnut Street

Philadelphia, PA 19104-6216